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Bahrain is an island country consisting of a small archipelago situated between the Qatar peninsula and the north eastern coast of Saudi Arabia, to which it is connected by the 25-kilometre (16 mi) King Fahd Causeway. Bahrain is the third-smallest nation in Asia after the Maldives and Singapore and the smallest nation in the Arab world.


In the late 1800s, following a series of treaties with the British, Bahrain became a protectorate of the United Kingdom. It reaffirmes its full sovereignty in 1971 and was declared a Kingdom in 2002. The island Kingdom is ruled by the Al Khalifa dynasty as a constitutional monarchy. The Kingdom is governed by a civil legal system.


During the years of reduced hydrocarbon exports, Bahrain has worked to diversify its economy and has emerged as a major financial hub for the region. It has also developed a major tourism sector and is a key producer of aluminium for the region. In mid-2018, Bahrain announced the discovery of the Al Khaleej oil field which contains some 80 billion barrels of shale oil.


Bahrain is a member of the Non-Aligned Movement, the Arab League, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, the Gulf Cooperation Council and the World Trade Organization.

The EGIC Library

Some of our books about Bahrain



Bahrain Through The Ages

Author: Al-Khalifa
Routledge (1993), Edition: 1, 636 pages


The Kingdom of Bahrain: The Financial Capital of the Middle East

Author: Philip Dew

Euromoney Books Bahrain Monetary Agency (2003), 190 pages


Bahrain in Original Photographs 1880-1961

Author: Andrew Wheatcroft 
Kegan Paul International (1988), Edition: 1, 141 pages


Life and Land Use on the Bahrain Islands: The Geoarchaeology of an Ancient Society

Author: Andrew Wheatcroft
Kegan Paul International (1988), Edition: 1, 141 pages

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